Leighton and Lindsey’s Review in Current Opinion in Cell Biology!
June 24, 2019
Putting the brakes on the cell cycle: mechanisms of cellular growth arrest
Precise regulation of cellular proliferation is critical to tissue homeostasis and development, but misregulation leads to diseases of excess proliferation or cell loss. To achieve precise control, cells utilize distinct mechanisms of growth arrest such as quiescence and senescence. The decision to enter these growth-arrested states or proliferate is mediated by the core cell-cycle machinery that responds to diverse external and internal signals. Recent advances have revealed the molecular underpinnings of these cell-cycle decisions, highlighting the unique nature of cell-cycle entry from quiescence, identifying endogenous DNA damage as a quiescence-inducing signal, and establishing how persistent arrest is achieved in senescence.